By Dalya Cohen-Mor
Dalya Cohen-Mor examines the evolution of the idea that of destiny within the Arab international via readings of non secular texts, poetry, fiction, and folklore. She contends that trust in destiny has retained its power and maintains to play a pivotal position within the Arabs' outlook on existence and their social psychology. Interwoven with the chapters are sixteen sleek brief tales that extra remove darkness from this attention-grabbing subject.
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Extra resources for A Matter of Fate: The Concept of Fate in the Arab World As Reflected in Modern Arabic Literature
The difﬁculty with this argument pertains to the rich Arab countries, such as Saudi Arabia and the Gulf oil states: their populations are small and enjoy considerable wealth, yet the belief in fate is as rife among them as among the large and poor populations of Egypt and Sudan. Among the various anthropological studies conducted in the Arab world are Hilma Granqvist’s Birth and Childhood among the Arabs and Hamed Ammar’s Growing Up in an Egyptian Village. Granqvist, a Finnish social scientist, has examined the value orientations of a village community in Palestine.
The late Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, for example, resorted to Islam to explain Egypt’s unexpected military defeat in the Six-Day War of June 1967. ”72 Nasser’s invocation of the belief in predestination to justify the humiliating defeat was echoed by other authorities in the Arab world. In SelfCriticism after the Defeat (Al-Naqd al-dha¯tı¯ ba da al-hazı¯ma), the Syrian intellectual Sﬁ a¯diq Jala¯l al- Azﬁ m examines Arab behavior before and after the Six-Day War. He ﬁnds a classic example of Arab fatalism and of the desire to escape personal responsibility in the statement of the mufti of the Jordanian kingdom to the newspaper al-Dustu¯r: “The Jews do not possess the ability, strength, or courage that are needed to do what they have done.
90 The puppet show known as karago¨z was brought into Egypt by the Turks. 91 An analogy between the shadow play and transitory human life was drawn by the Andalusian scholar Ibn H ﬁ azm in A Philosophy of Character and Conduct (Kita¯b al-akhla¯q wa-al-siyar). Ibn H ﬁ azm compares this world to a shadow play in which images are mounted on a rapidly revolving wooden wheel. 92 Shmuel Moreh notes that “this is the earliest attempt to be found in Arabic to see a philosophical signiﬁcance in the shadow play.
A Matter of Fate: The Concept of Fate in the Arab World As Reflected in Modern Arabic Literature by Dalya Cohen-Mor