By Faith Njeri Nguthi
Utilizing tissue-cultured know-how is a almost certainly very important means for smallholder banana farmers to enhance their yields and source of revenue. within the scenario of the impoverishing results of excessive HIV/AIDS-prevalence in a rural banana-farming group, this is applicable much more. The learn documented during this booklet examines the stability among required inputs and strength advantages of employing the tissue-cultured know-how between HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected families in Maragua district, significant Kenya, utilizing a livelihood process. the consequences convey that adoption of the expertise and its persevered use differs based on the assets endowment of the farming families. loss of monetary and actual capital, particularly a water tank, inhibits adoption, without reference to HIV/AIDS-status.However, families headed via aged ladies dominate one of the terrible families and the HIV/AIDS-affected families. This illustrates how HIV/AIDS interfaces with poverty and, thereby, ultimately with the feasibility of sustainable know-how adoption. The examine additionally indicates that livelihood judgements and techniques of farming families are motivated by means of land tenure prestige (having name deeds or now not) and labour constraints on the loved ones point. The latter come up by reason of HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality
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Extra resources for Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya
In Kenya, the government reduced to half the expenditure in the agricultural sector, which had dire consequences for the extension services. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has aggravated the situation. A preliminary study conducted in Kenya in 1999 showed that 58 percent of all deaths in the preceding five years in the MOA had been AIDS-related (Guenter, 1999). Topouzis (2000) estimated that levels of HIV/AIDS prevalence Adoption of agricultural innovations by smallholder farmers 43 Chapter 2 among MOA staff were likely to be at least as high as national average estimates.
Internal vulnerability refers to the specific characteristics of an individual or household (age, sex, education and health status), which make them unable to cope with stress, crises or shocks. Internal vulnerability is manly associated with lack of access to assets. This is because one of the means of resistance to vulnerability is the assets and entitlements that individuals or households can mobilize and manage in the face of hardship. According to Moser (1998:3) ‘the more assets people have, the less vulnerable they are, and the greater the erosion of people’s assets, the greater their vulnerability.
Agricultural intensification, livelihood diversification and migration are distinguished (cf. Scoones, 1998). , 1994:29). Agricultural intensification may occur as a result of an increased (per fixed unit of land) frequency of cultivation, an increase in labour inputs, or a change in technologies (Carswell, 1997). Two factors may necessitate agricultural intensification. ) when income per head grows. Secondly, a decline in land/labour ratio may also necessitate intensification. Agricultural intensification is associated with a change in technologies and an increase in frequency of cultivation or labour inputs.
Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya by Faith Njeri Nguthi