Download e-book for iPad: Against Equality of Opportunity (Oxford Philosophical by Matt Cavanagh

By Matt Cavanagh

ISBN-10: 0199265488

ISBN-13: 9780199265480

Nowadays virtually everybody turns out to imagine it visible that equality of chance is at the least a part of what constitutes a good society. while they're so obscure approximately what equality of chance really quantities to that it may well start to appear like an empty time period, a handy shorthand for how jobs (or for that topic collage locations, or positions of strength, or basically locations at the neighborhood activities workforce) might be allotted, no matter what that occurs to be. Matt Cavanagh deals a hugely provocative and unique new view, suggesting that the way in which we predict approximately equality and chance could be considerably replaced.

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Extra resources for Against Equality of Opportunity (Oxford Philosophical Monographs)

Example text

In 1860 half of the 260,000 free blacks in the slave states resided in Virginia and Maryland. Many white Virginians, therefore, were better able to cope with the social adjustments necessitated by emancipation. Second, Virginia lacked the huge plantations and high prevalence of absentee landownership that characterized the cotton states. As a result, blacks and whites developed less physically oppressive relationships. Third, Virginia had a more diversified economy and one whose cash crop, tobacco, did not dominate the economy as did cotton in the Deep South.

Although white elites most feared another insurgent movement like the one led by Mahone, they chose to make blacks the scapegoats. As long as blacks remained enfranchised, many whites were able to deny responsibility for their own culpability in demeaning the electoral process. S. Senate in 1893, Thomas Staples Martin, the recognized head of the Virginia Democratic Party until his death in 1919, defended his corrupt use of railroad money as the necessary price of restoring white supremacy and ending fear of black domination.

Many white Virginians, therefore, were better able to cope with the social adjustments necessitated by emancipation. Second, Virginia lacked the huge plantations and high prevalence of absentee landownership that characterized the cotton states. As a result, blacks and whites developed less physically oppressive relationships. Third, Virginia had a more diversified economy and one whose cash crop, tobacco, did not dominate the economy as did cotton in the Deep South. Furthermore, tobacco and other crops in Virginia required a more highly skilled labor force than did cotton.

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Against Equality of Opportunity (Oxford Philosophical Monographs) by Matt Cavanagh


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