Download e-book for kindle: Ali Khamenei by John Murphy

By John Murphy

ISBN-10: 0791095177

ISBN-13: 9780791095171

Whereas a lot consciousness has been concentrated lately upon Iran's fiery and debatable president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the nation's different top strength dealer has remained principally within the shadows...until now. Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was once born right into a relatives of strict piety and reasonable poverty. As a serious-minded non secular pupil, he quickly stuck the attention of the Ayatollah Khomeini. becoming a member of Khomeini in his progressive actions opposed to the U.S.-backed Shah of Iran, Khamenei was once many times imprisoned and tortured. Undaunted, he survived to witness Khomeini's effective go back from exile and was once rewarded for his sacrifices to the Islamic revolution with a sequence of significant executive and spiritual appointments. Upon Khomeini's loss of life, Khamenei used to be named his successor and have become the Grand Ayatollah of Iran. This new biography is vital analyzing for these wanting to find out about a guy more likely to turn into probably the most influential global leaders of the twenty first century.

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Reza Shah refused, making one last doomed stand for his own sovereignty, if not that of his nation’s. He was forced into exile on August 25, 1941. His son, Mohammad Reza, only 21 at the time, was named shah in his father’s place. Though not expected to ever be anything other than a puppet of Russia and Britain, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, as he was now known, would surprise everyone, Iranians included, by seeking to transform himself into a modern-day Persian king of kings, even more ruthlessly determined than his father to create a secular, modern, independent, and autonomous Iran.

Clerics who continue to prove their exceptional knowledge of scripture and pure embodiment of Islamic principles receive the title ayatollah (meaning “sign of God”). To receive this distinction, they must write a lengthy thesis (a book-length research paper) on the subject of how people should live their daily lives in accordance with the teachings of the Koran and the Prophet. The pinnacle of earthly and spiritual attainment for a Shiite cleric is the title ayatollah al-uzma, (“Grand Ayatollah,” or “greatest sign of God”).

Both of his grandfathers were renowned clerics, as was his uncle. He was the second son of devout parents. Both his parents were Azeri (or Azerbaijanis), an ethnic group that is generally Muslim and is a mixture of Turkic, Caucasian (from the Caucuses), and Iranian bloodlines and traditions. His father, Sayyed Javad Khamenei, was a humble but well-respected religious scholar who was honored with the responsibility of leading morning, midday, and evening prayers at two of Mashhad’s mosques. Sayyed Javad Khamenei lived a simple life characterized by self-denial and a rejection of worldly goods and luxuries.

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Ali Khamenei by John Murphy

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